The knowledge of the method of adding whole numbers with vertical presentation and carry over method is a prerequisite here. Once you master adding whole numbers, the method described here, is easy to follow.

But remember that, simple things need perfection and perfection is not a simple thing.

Study the Example and solve the problems given in exercise and check with the Answers.

The following note is made use of here.

Note :

putting any number of zeroes to the extreme right side of the decimal part of a decimal number does not change the value of the decimal number.

Method of adding Decimals

Step 1 : For the given decimals, to be added, Make the number of digits after the decimal point equal by putting zeroes to the extreme right side of the decimal part, if required.

Step 2 : Write the given decimals, to be added, one under the other in column form so that the decimal points of all the addends are in the same column and the digits at the same place are in the same column.

Step 3 : Add as in the case of whole numbers.

Step 4 : In the sum, put the decimal point directly under the decimal points in the addends.

The following example will make the proceudure clear.

Add 9.38, 3.895, 109.5, 72.87, 0.005. In the given numbers, there are maximum three digits after the decimal point.

Make all the numbers, to have three digits after the decimal point by putting zeros to the extreme right side of the decimal part.

So, the given decimals become 9.380, 3.895, 109.500, 72.870, 0.005.

Let us write these decimal numbers one under the other in column form so that the decimal points of all the addends are in the same column and the
digits at the same place are in the same column.

If you have any doubts in this carry over method Please go to
Addition and study the explanation given for the examples there.

Thus, the required sum = 195.650 Ans.

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