Here, we will proceed to explain the standard procedure suitable for dividing simple or complex multi-digit numbers.

It breaks down a division problem into a series of easier steps. It enables divisions involving arbitrarily large numbers to be performed by following this series of simple steps.

It is one of the most essential skills to be learnt in elementary math.

This standard procedure is called Long Division.

Terms involoved in Long Division : Dividend, Divisor, Quotient and Remainder

Example 1

Suppose I ask you to find 21 ÷ 4.

You recall 4 times table and realise that there is no number which when multiplied by 4 gives 21.

Then, how to find 21 ÷ 4 ?

We will try to find a number which when multiplied gives a value near to 21.

From 4 times table, we know 4 x 5 = 20 and 20 is near 21.

The difference of 21 and 20 = 1 is called the Remainder when 21 is divided by 4.

21 is called Dividend and 4 is called Divisor and 5 is called the Quotient.

The Remainder (= 1) is less than the Divisor ( = 4).

The number being divided is called the Dividend. The number that divides is called the Divisor. The number got after division is called the Quotient. The number that remains undivided is called the Remainder. The Remainder should always be less than the Divisor.

Vertical Presentation

The process is shown below in vertical presentation

The vertical presentation shown above is what we follow in future division sums.

It is explained below.

First the Dividend (21 here) is written. Then the Divisor (4 here) with a bracket ')' is written to the left of 21. and a bracket '(' is written to the right of 21.

Now we recall 4 times table and find a number such that the number x 4 is near to 21. The number we know is 5.

This 5 (Quotient) is written to the right side of 21 after the bracket '(' already provided.

The value of 5 times 4 which is 20, is written below the Dividend (21 here).

20 is subtracted from 21 to get 1 (Remainder), which is written below, between two lines.

Thus, we got the Quotient ( 5 here ) and the Remainder (1 here ) in the Division process.

The Remainder should always be less than the Divisor.

In Division, either at the end or at any stage, the Remainder should always be less than the Divisor.

Get The Best Grades With the Least Amount of Effort

Here is a collection of proven tips, tools and techniques to turn you into a super-achiever - even if you've never thought of yourself as a "gifted" student.

The secrets will help you absorb, digest and remember large chunks of information quickly and easily so you get the best grades with the least amount of effort.

If you apply what you read from the above collection, you can achieve best grades without giving up your fun, such as TV, surfing the net, playing video games or going out with friends!

Recently, I have found a series of math curricula (Both Hard Copy and Digital Copy) developed by a Lady Teacher who taught everyone from Pre-K students to doctoral students and who is a Ph.D. in Mathematics Education.

This series is very different and advantageous over many of the traditional books available. These give students tools that other books do not. Other books just give practice. These teach students “tricks” and new ways to think.

These build a student’s new knowledge of concepts from their existing knowledge. These provide many pages of practice that gradually increases in difficulty and provide constant review.

These also provide teachers and parents with lessons on how to work with the child on the concepts.

The series is low to reasonably priced and include

Here is a collection of kids math games and fun math activities for the class room or for the home, to make math exciting and easy to learn.

They help you

* To save you time and money to be spent on resources, games and books.

* To become a wonderful, fun teacher or parent who knows how to make math fun, interesting and effective.

* To cater for all different ability levels and cater for different learning styles.

* To see your kids math skills soar and their grades in math going up and up.

This Collection of Fun Math Games are electronic books (e-books) that are downloaded to your computer in a flash. You can start printing games right away. You get to print only what you want and as many copies as you need.

For more information or to have some FREE samples or to order click
HERE.